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Some new punctuation

You may have noticed the unique punctuation in Spanish: every question begins with an upside-down question mark.

¿Qué tal?
What's happening?

This is also the case with exclamation points:


But note that if you add someone’s name or another independent clause before the question or exclamation, the upside-down punctuation mark will still appear with the question/statement instead of around the entire phrase:

Perdón, ¿habla inglés?
Excuse me, do you speak English? (formal)

Marco, ¿qué tal?
Marco, what's happening?

¿Qué tal, Marco?
What's happening, Marco?

Marco, ¡hola!
Marco, hello!

¡Hola, Marco!
Hello Marco!