Are you struggling with your avere and your fare, or your a and your in? Idiomatic expressions in Italian can be tricky. We offer you some tips for improving your Italian in no time.
The Prepositions a and in
The prepositions a and in both mean in, at, and to but are not interchangeable. The preposition in is always used before a country, while a is used before a city.
|Noi siamo a Roma, in Italia.||We are in Rome, in Italy.|
In addition, different places will use either a or in, for no obvious reason. For instance, Italians use in in front of ufficio (at the office), but a in front of casa (at home), and they always say in vacanza when on vacation.
Prepositions in Italian, as in any language, are very idiomatic, and therefore it’s not always easy to decide which preposition to use. The best way to learn them is to learn prepositions in phrases: note the prepositions and which nouns they go with each time they come up in expressions you read or hear. In ufficio, in vacanza, in Italia, a casa, a Roma. Eventually they will come to you more easily.
Idiomatic Expressions With Avere and Fare
Avere (to have) and fare (to do, to make) are two very idiomatic verbs. Avere is used in many expressions that use to be in English, such as avere fame (to be hungry).
Common idiomatic expressions using avere
|avere fame||to be hungry|
|avere sete||to be thirsty|
|avere caldo||to be hot|
|avere freddo||to be cold|
|avere ragione||to be right|
|avere torto||to be wrong|
|avere fretta||to be in a hurry|
|avere sonno||to be sleepy|
|avere bisogno di||to need|
|avere voglia di||to feel like|
|avere paura di||to be afraid of|
Avere is also used to express age in Italian:
|Quanti anni hai?||How old are you?|
|Ho ventitré anni.||I am twenty-three years old.|
Common idiomatic expressions using fare
Fare is often used in expressions that require to take in English:
|fare la doccia||to take a shower|
|fare il bagno||to take a bath|
|fare colazione||to have breakfast|
|fare una fotografia||to take a picture|
|fare una passeggiata||to take a walk|
|fare una pausa||to take a break|
|fare un viaggio||to take a trip|
Here are some other common expressions using fare:
|fare la spesa||to go grocery shopping|
|fare spese||to shop|
|fare una domanda||to ask a question|